RULES


WORLD BIG COUNTRY PHOTO EXHIBITION 2021

Conditions of Entry Checklist(参赛规则)



1. GENERAL概述


The Contest is open to photographers all over the world. This is a digital image Contest. It will be organized under the approved rules of PSA as well as WPU. All acceptances will count for PSA and WPU. If two or more similar images are entered by the same author, the first one getting the acceptance score will be considered for acceptance or award, the other images will not be considered.

这是一个数码摄影比赛,该比赛向全世界的摄影师开放,它将根据PSAWPU的批准规则进行组织赛事展览 所有入围作品都将计入PSAWPU的摄影名衔 如果同一作者上传了两个或更多的相似作品,则第一个达到入围分数的作品将被视为入围,其他作品将作落选处理。



2. EXHIBITION NAME比赛名称

WORLD BIG COUNTRY PHOTO EXHIBITION 2021

2021世界大国摄影展览


3. ORGANIZER主办单位

China International Photographers AssociationCIPA)

中国国际摄影家协会


Institution registration certificate number65109928-000-08-15-A

机构注册登记号:65109928-000-08-15-A


The China International Photographers Association was registered in Hong Kong, China in August 2015 and is a relatively influential international photography organization. The image is accepted in the Contests hosted by the China International Photographers Association. It is both your honor and our blessing, and it is the authoritative recognition of your photography achievements.

中国国际摄影协会于2015年8月在中国香港注册,是一个有影响力的国际摄影组织。 您的作品在中国国际摄影家协会主办的比赛中入围, 这既是您的荣幸,也是我们的祝福,更是对您的摄影成就的权威认可。



4.SECTIONS组别

[A] COLOR Open 彩色自由组

[B] Cities(Color/Monochrome)城市-彩色/黑白

[C] MONOCHROME Open 黑白自由组

[D] NATURE(Color/Monochrome) 自然组-彩色/黑白

[E] TRAVEL(Color/Monochrome) 旅行组-彩色/黑白

[F] Photo Journalism(Color/Monochrome) 新闻纪实组-彩色/黑白


All are digital Sections. An author may submit a maximum of 4 images in each section i.e 24 total images for 6 sections. Images for each section should be uploaded via “http://cipa.sychina.net/at/”website.

所有都是数码部分。 作者在每个组别最多可以提交4幅作品,即6总共24幅作品 每个组别作品应通过“ http://cipa.sychina.net/at/”网站上传。


5.PHOTOS SIZE作品规格

Photos must be in jpg file format.

Maximum horizontal length 1920 pixels / Maximum vertical length 1080 pixels (1920×1080).

File size of individual image should not exceed 2MB.

Color:RGB/sRGB.

Resolution:72-300 dpi.

作品必须为jpg文件格式。

最大水平长度1920像素 / 最大垂直长度1080像素(1920×1080)。

单幅作品的文件大小不得超过2MB。

颜色:RGB / sRGB。

分辨率:72-300 dpi


6.ENTRY FEE报名费

1 Section      USD $ 15(¥95)  (1组15美元或¥95元人民币)

2 Section      USD $ 19(¥120)(2组19美元或¥120元人民币)

3 Section      USD $ 23(¥145)(3组23美元或¥145元人民币)

4 Section      USD $ 27(¥170)(4组27美元或¥170元人民币)

5 Section      USD $ 31(¥195)(5组31美元或¥195元人民币)

6 Section      USD $ 35(¥220)(6组35美元或¥220元人民币)


International payment method, PayPal732710600@qq.com

Participants are requested to send their entries, Entry Fee etc. well in advance. Late entries will not be entertained and the Entry Fee will be retained. If the entry fee is not received within the closing date, Entries may not be considered for selection.

国际付款方式,PayPal:732710600@qq.com 。中国摄影师参赛请直接扫描微信或支付宝二维码以人民币的方式支付。

作者提前上传参赛作品并支付报名 逾期上传作品将不予受理,并保留报名费。如果在截止日期之前主办单位未收到足额的报名费,则可能不考虑将你的作品提供给评委参加评选


CLUB Admission fees for 10 or more people are subject to a 10% discount. The fee for a club entry must be paid once , otherwise we cannot allow the discount! Only listed members of a club will count for club scoring.

10人或10人以上的俱乐部报名费可享受10%的折扣。俱乐部报名费必须一次性支付,否则比赛网站系统可能无法识别而阻止您所享受的折扣! 只有在俱乐部页面列出的成员才能计入俱乐部得分并享受折扣。



7. Report Cards will be sent by E-Mail as well as displayed on http://cipa.sychina.net/at/website. Permission to reproduce images in the catalogue or for publicity is assumed unless otherwise denied by the author.

评选结果公示通知将通过电子邮件发送,并显示在“http://cipa.sychina.net/at/”网站上。 如果任何作者没有做出特殊说明主办单位有权复制和使用参赛并入围的摄影作品进行非盈利性的展览、出版、宣传等


8. IMAGE FILE NAMING文件名称和作品标题

File name should be as you would want it to appear in the catalogue (same as title name).Each image must have a unique title with maximum 35 characters.Please use only English alphabet and numeric ( a-z A-Z 0-9 ). There can be spaces in the title of the work but cannot contain any form of punctuation.

文件名应与您希望在目录中显示的文件名相同(与标题名称相同)。每幅作品必须具有最多35个英文字符的唯一标题,请仅使用英文字母和数字(a-z A-Z 0-9)作品标题中可以有空格,但不能包含任何形式的标点符号



9.Names and Honors of judges评委姓名及摄影名衔

DEWEN HU(1 GCWPU / CPA / CIPA)(China)

MING LI(CPA / PPSA)(China)

DONGQIAO YANG(1 GCWPU / CPA / CIPA)(China)

YAN LONG(1 GCWPU / CPA / CIPA)(China)



10. AWARDS奖项:79

Best photographer 1最佳摄影师1人

PSA GOLD 6PSA金牌 6块

WPU SILVER 6WPU银牌 6块

WPU BRONZE 6WPU铜牌 6块

WPU HM 60WPU勋带奖 60个


Acceptance range is 25% to 35%.(入围率 25%—35%)


The Exhibition will be conducted in accordance with the rules of the PSA and GPU/WPU.

An entrant’s images will not be presented to the judges consecutively.  An entrant’s four images will be distributed throughout four rounds of judging in that section.  Distribution of images will be in the same round order as submitted by the entrant.

An image may be entered in only one section where acceptances of that image in multiple sections would be eligible for the same star path.

展览将按照PSAGPU和WPU的规定进行

作者作品不会一次性集中给评委展示,其四张作品将在该组别的四轮评中分发作品分发的顺序作者上传的作品顺序相同。

一幅作品只能投稿一个组别,如果该作品入围,才能符合该组别的星级计算。


11. CALENDAR比赛日程

Closing Date: Mar. 22,20212021 / 03 / 22)

Judging: Mar. 27-31,20212021 / 03 / 27-31)
Notification emails sent: Apr. 1020212021 / 04 / 10)
Start online exhibition: Apr. 252021 2021 / 04 / 25)
Catalogues & awards sent: Apr. 30,2021(2021 / 04 / 30)


12. Please read the above regulations carefully and try to avoid unnecessary correspondences. Still for further queries, if, any, contact us at cipa-photo@qq.com

请仔细阅读以上规定,并避免不必要的通信。 如有其他查询,请通过cipa-photo@qq.com与我们联系。

Exhibition chairmanchen lee

13. CONDITIONS OF ENTRY参赛规则


IMAGE AND ENTRY REQUIREMENTS This exhibition is open to anyone; however, an entry may be rejected when the Sponsor or the Exhibition Organizers, in their reasonable discretion, believes the entry does not conform to exhibition rules and these Conditions of Entry. Membership in any photographic organization is not required.

Sanctions: Entries will not be accepted from any entrant who is currently sanctioned by PSA.

作品投稿要求:本展览对任何人开放,但主办者及认证机构,认为作品不符合展览规则及参条件,则有权取消该作品的参赛资格,不管该作者的资格有多高级。

另外,凡是受到PSA制裁的组织或个人,均不得投稿参赛。


PSA Star RatingsPSA星级)

To receive proper Star ratings credit from PSA, entrants must provide their names and country exactly the same in each exhibition. Aliases are not permitted. Please contact PSA in the event of name changes or relocating to another country.

要获得PSA认可的星级积分,作者必须在每次展览中注册完全相同的姓名和国家/地区 不允许使用别名或笔名,如果姓名更改或移民到另一个国家,请联系PSA


WPU EmailWPU 电子邮箱)

Participants who register for any WPU-certified contests website must use the same and unique name and e-mail address. Participants with the same Given Name and the same Family Name can register, but we are distinguished by different mailboxes.  If the same entrant uses a different name or uses the same name but uses a different email registration, we think it is a different entrant, the photographer’s points will be calculated separate, please be careful!

者注册任何经WPU认证的比赛网站投稿,必须使用相同的并且是唯一的姓名及电子邮箱,者同名同姓可以注册,但WPU是以不同的邮箱来区分的。如果同一位者使用了不同的姓名、或者使用相同的姓名却使用了不同的电子邮箱注册,WPU则认为是不同的者,摄影师的积分也会分开计算,请大家注意谨慎操作!


WPU DistinctionsWPU 名衔)

WPU photographers are classified into 15 grades of Stars RatingSWPU, Blue CrownsBCWPU, Gold CrownsGCWPU, etc. Participate in the WPU-certified Contests, 9 points for each medal and 7 points for each HMAcceptances 5 points per image.You can win the corresponding bonus by winning the title of “Blue Crowns” and “Gold Crowns”, but you must apply to WPU and receive it after passing the examination.Photographers are not allowed to use the same image to participate in the same contests of each year.For details, please refer tohttps://www.wpu-photo.org/ .

WPU摄影师分为星级(SWPU)、蓝冠(BCWPU)、金冠(GCWPU)等15个积分等级,参加WPU认证的比赛,获得奖牌每幅积分为9分,获得HM每幅积分为7分,入围每幅积分为5分。获得蓝冠金冠名衔,可以赢得相应奖金,但必须向WPU申请,经审核通过后才能领取。摄影师不得用同一幅图片参加历届相同的比赛。详情请参阅:https://www.wpu-photo.org/


Image Creation作品来源

Entries must originate as photographs (image-captures of objects via light sensitivity) made by the entrant on photographic emulsion or acquired digitally. .

参赛作品必须是作者在感光乳胶上拍摄或以数字方式获取的照片(通过光敏性捕获对象的图像)。


Certification(认证):

By virtue of submitting an image, the entrant certifies the work as his or her own (.Images may not incorporate elements produced by anyone else (for example: clip art, images or art by others downloaded from the Internet). Aliases are not allowed. The entrant permits the sponsors to reproduce all or part of the entered material free of charge for publication and/or display in media related to the exhibition. This may include low resolution posting on a website.  Note: Entrants who indicate that their images may not be reproduced or used will not be eligible for awardsor inclusion in audio-visuals of the exhibition and could be subject to disqualificationby the exhibition sponsors. The exhibition assumes no liability of any misuse of copyright.

作者一旦上传作品就视同证明作品没有著作权等任何法律纠纷,作品不得包含其他任何人的素材(例如:剪贴画、图片局部、网络下载的素材等不允许使用化名 主办及认证者有权使用参赛作品用于出版、展览、媒体、网络宣传等,同时不承担任何版权责任。作者果明确声明不得复制或使用其作品,主办有权取消其参赛资格


Alteration and Computer Generation Subject to Divisional restrictions (particularly Nature, Photo Travel, and Photojournalism) images may be altered, either electronically or otherwise, by the maker. Adjustments to enhance images or creatively modify images are allowed providing the underlying photograph is retained in a way that is obvious to the viewer.  Images may not be constructed entirely with a computer, and must be the sole work of the author.

主办者在遵守规则(如自然旅行和新闻摄影)的前提下,可能会适当更改作品的元素以增强作品的观赏性和吸引力,而这个修改后的作品有可能不仅仅只包含你一个人的作品。


Re-use of accepted images: Once an image has been accepted in a PSA Recognized exhibition, any identical image, or near identical image, may not, in future, be entered or re-entered in any section of the same Division Star Ratings class in that exhibition regardless of media, format, or title; may not be re-titled for entry into any other PSA Recognized exhibition, including translation into another language.

重复投稿入围作品:一旦作品PSA认可的展览中入围那么这幅作品或与其基本相似的作品,都不能在同一个展览中的其他组别再次入围,同时不得更改标题投稿其他PSA认可的展览,包括翻译成另一种语言。


Entry: An Entry consists of, up to and including, four (4) images entered by a single Entrant into the same Section. An entrant may only enter a specific Section once.

作者进入一个组别,最多只能上传4幅作品。


Titles标题:

Each image must have a unique title. That unique title must be used for entry of that image or of an Identical Image  into any and all PSA-Recognized exhibitions. Titles must be 35 characters or fewer. No titles may be visible to the judges, and nothing in the image may identify the maker. Titles must not include file extensions such as .jpg or .jpeg (or any other camera capture filenames), or words such as "untitled" or "no title". Titles may not consist solely of numbers.

每幅作品(或与该作品基本相似的作品)只能使用唯一的标题,投稿PSA认证的所有展览都必须使用该标题,而且标题最长不得超过35个字符,中间或结尾不得包含文件扩展名,如.jpg.jpeg(或任何相机捕获的其他文件名),也不得包含诸如“无题”或“空标题”之类的词语,同时不能仅由数字组成。作品中不能有任何记号能够识别作者


Color and Monochrome(彩色和黑白:

Color and Monochrome images from the same capture that share substantial pictorial content in common will be considered the same image and must be given the same title.

However, PSA members working on Galaxy and Diamond Star Ratings are allowed to continue using different titles of monochrome versions and color versions of the same capture that have already been accepted until the required number of acceptances for those titles has been completed.

同一幅作品由彩色转换为黑白,必须使用相同的标题。

但是,正在申报银河和钻石之星评级的PSA会员,可以继续使用以前入围的已经使用了不同标题的彩色和黑白作品,直到完成申报这些等级所需的积分为止。


Breaches of Rules(违反规则)

If, at any time, it is determined in the reasonable discretion of the exhibition organizer or the judges before, during, or after the judging of an exhibition that an entrant has submitted entries where one or more images may fail to comply with these Conditions of Entry, including the stated definitions, the exhibition organizers reserve the right to delete the entry from the exhibition and void any or all acceptances or awards in connection with the exhibition. Fees may be forfeited or refunded in these circumstances. The entrant acknowledges that the decision of the exhibition organizers or the judges is final.

如果在展览的评之前之中或之后,主办者或评委有理由认为该作品不符合参赛规则,有权随时取消这些作品的参赛资格,并收回该作品的入围或奖励。情况下,报名费不予退还,主办者或评委的决定是最终决定。


In order to ensure that images comply with the Conditions of Entry and definitions, the exhibition organizers may carry out reasonable measures to verify that:

a) the images are the original work of the entrant and

b) the images comply with the rules and definitions as set out in these Conditions of Entry

为了确保作品符合参赛规则和定义,主办者可采取合理措施核实:

a作品作者的原创

b作品是否符合本参赛规则和定义


These steps include, but are not limited to, questioning any entrant, requiring the submission of RAW files or other digital files representing the original capture of the submitted image(s), confronting the entrant with evidence that one or more submitted images fails to comply with the Conditions of Entry (also known as Entry Rules), and offering the entrant a reasonable opportunity to provide counter evidence to refute the exhibition organizers evidence by a set deadline. Such entries that are not cleared or are still questionable after the entrant has presented evidence may be considered in breach of these Conditions of Entry, and declined. Such entries may be referred to PSA for further investigation of possible ethics violations.

这些步骤包括但不限于询问作者,要求提供原始文件或其他数字文件能证明该作品的原始影像属于作者本人如果作者在规定的最后期限不能提供有效证据,则视为违规而被取消参赛资格,同时有可能被提交到PSA进一步调查其存在的违反道德的行为。


PSA retains the right to investigate in any way all complaints/suspicions of breaches of entry conditions, impose sanctions if deemed necessary, void the acceptances of any image found to violate the PSA rules, include the entrants name on the list of sanctions provided to Exhibitions, and share such investigations with FIAP. Entrants automatically agree to these terms by the act of entering the Exhibition and agree to cooperate with any investigation.

PSA保留以任何方式调查所有违反参赛规则的投诉怀疑,在必要时实施制裁,对违规入围的所有作品进行作废处理,并将作者的姓名列入制裁黑名单,同时FIAP分享此类调查。作者一旦上传作品则视同自动同意这些规定,并同意配合任何调查。


If another party is submitting images on the entrants behalf, the entrant will still be held responsible for adhering to these Conditions of Entry (Entry Rules) and will be subject to sanction for any violations to these Conditions of Entry and PSAs Statement of Ethics that may result.

如果由代理机构代理作者投稿,作者仍将对遵守参赛条件(参赛规则)负责,并将因任何违反参赛条件和可能导致的 PSA 道德声明的行为受到制裁。


NOTICE: When an entrant fills in the Entry Form to submit an entry the entrant will see a feature to affirm he or she has read these Conditions of Entry when he or she fills out the entry form.  If the entrant does not so affirm the entry will not be submitted.

注意:当作者上传作品时网页将会弹出一个对话框,以提醒作者遵守参赛规则。如果作者选择点击不同意,则上传不了任何参赛作品


DATA PROTECTION(数据保护):

By entering this exhibition, you are explicitly consenting to the personal details you have supplied, including email addresses, being held, processed and used by the exhibition organizers for purposes associated with this exhibition. You also explicitly consent to such information being sent to organizations that have accorded official recognition, patronage or accreditation to this exhibition. You acknowledge and accept that entering this exhibition means that the status and results of your entry may be made public.

上传作品即表示同意您的个人信息(包括电子邮件)可以由主办者为宣传展览等有关目的使用同时同意将此类信息发送给本次展览的认证组织,也同意您的参状态和评选结果可被公开展示


PSA Statement on Subject MatterPSA关于主题的声明)

There is one hard and fast rule, whose spirit must be observed at all times and applies to all sections offered in PSA recognised exhibitions.

The welfare of the subject is more important than the photograph.

This means that practices such as baiting of subjects with a living creature and removal of birds from nests, for the purpose of obtaining a photograph, are highly unethical, and such photographs are not allowed in any PSA exhibitions.

PSA认可的展览中有一条硬性规定必须严格遵守,就是尊重拍摄对象。

比如,为了获得理想的作品用诱物引诱拍摄对象、从巢走鸟类等做法是极不道德的,PSA谢绝此类作品投稿参赛


The purpose of this policy is to prevent any interference with other individuals or animals which will or may cause a disturbance in their normal activity or disrupt the way any individuals or animals interact with their environment. Entry in this exhibition requires exhibitors to agree to this and other PSA policies.

目的是为了防止任何人或动物受到摄影师的干扰,妨碍或可能妨碍其正常活动,或破坏任何人或动物与环境之间的和谐相处


The content of images must comply with these General Conditions and with the Division and Section definitions listed in these conditions. Images that - in the sole opinion of the judges or the Exhibition Organizers - do not comply are likely to be disqualified so the entrant may be aware of the problem when considering entry into other PSA recognized exhibitions.

作品必须遵守这些参赛规则和定义,主办者或评委认为违规的作品有可能随时会被取消参赛资格,因此作者决定投稿参赛时一定要引起高度重视。


AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY POLICIES (ethical)

One of the tenets of photography, is that the safety and well-being of the subject, photographer and surroundings is of paramount importance over the capturing of the photograph.

1.  May not fly a drone above people for the purpose of photographing their activity, unless permission is granted in writing.

2. May not fly or photograph animals in their natural habitat, especially nesting areas and locations where the animal is already under stress (winter survival, migratory feeding, protecting young). Photographing scenery/landscapes is permissible.

3. May not fly or photograph in any designated wilderness area.


航空摄影政策(道德)

在拍摄作品时,拍摄对象摄影师和周围环境的和谐相处极为重要。

1.没有书面许可,不得无人机拍摄人的活动。
2.不得在其自然栖息地,特别是筑巢地区和已经受到自然生存压力(冬季生存迁徙保护幼仔)的地方飞行或拍照。允许拍摄/
3.不得在任何限制飞行的荒野地区飞行或拍照。


DEFINITIONS(定义)

All entries shall conform to the stricter of these definitions for acceptances and awards to be validated by all the International Organizations granting recognition or patronage.

所有参赛作品必须严格遵守入围获奖的定义,并由认证机构确认。


a)Salon Definitions(沙龙定义):

In open sections, entrants can enter photos with any kind of theme: for example: portrait, people, nature, wildlife, landscape, architecture, still-life photography, digital imaging, HDR photos, etc. All acceptance eligibility shall be in accordance with the PID Star Ratings or the Galaxy/Diamond Ratings requirements as appropriate.

者可以在开放(自由组别投稿不限任何主题的作品:例如:肖像、人物、自然、野生动物、风景、建筑、静物摄影、数字成像、HDR创意图片等。所有入围作品均应符合 PID星级或银河/钻石评级的要求。


Monochrome images may not be entered in the Open Color Section. Acceptances in PID recognized Monochrome sections shall be credited towards PID Monochrome Star Ratings and Whos Who Monochrome listings. The color and monochrome versions of same image, regardless of title, cannot entered in different sections of this exhibition.

单色(黑白作品不能在“彩色自由组”投稿入围单色(黑白组别作品,应计入单色星级评定和单色列表中。同一幅作品的彩和单色(黑白)版本,无论标题是否相同,都不能投稿本次展览的不同组别


People Definition: Show us people in all situations, such as daily life, street photography, traditions, portrait, people at work, social events, human relations and etc. The main subject in the photo must be one or more human.

人物定义:拍摄各种情况下的人物,例如日常生活、街头摄影、传统、肖像、工作中的人物、社交活动、人际关系等。作品的主题必须是一个或多个人物。


b)PSA DefinitionsPSA定义):


PSA Monochrome DefinitionPSA单色“黑白定义)

An image is considered to be Monochrome only if it gives the impression of having no color (i.e. contains only shades of grey which can include pure black and pure white) OR it gives the impression of being a greyscale image that has been toned in one color across the entire image. (For example by Sepia, red, gold, etc.)  A greyscale or multi-colored image modified or giving the impression of having been modified by partial toning, multi-toning or by the inclusion of spot coloring does not meet the definition of monochrome and shall be classified as a Color Work.

Monochrome images may not be entered in PID Color sections.

单色作品是指没有色彩的图像(即黑白影像以灰色为基调的图片作品如果包含(例如棕褐色红色金色等)一种颜色以上,应归类为彩作品。

黑白作品不能投稿彩色自由组参赛。


PSA Photo Travel DefinitionPSA旅行摄影的定义

A Photo Travel image expresses the characteristic features or culture of a land as they are found naturally.  There are no geographical limitations.  Images from events or activities arranged specifically for photography, or of subjects directed or hired for photography are not permitted. Close up pictures of people or objects must include features that provide information about the location.

Techniques that add, relocate, replace or remove any element of the original image, except by cropping, are not permitted.  The only allowable adjustments are removal of dust or digital noise, restoration of the appearance of the original scene, and complete conversion to greyscale monochrome. Other derivations, including infrared, are not permitted.  All images must look natural.

Attention is drawn to the PSA Statement on Subject Matter which applies to all sections

作品呈现的是自然状态下的地域特征或文化特色,没有地域限制。谢绝摆拍、导演、表演、造假合成和过度PS的作品。特写人物或物体,画面中必须包含拍摄地点的背景,以区分人像或静物摄影

PS后期除裁剪外,不允许添加、位、替换或删除原始图像的任何元素。唯一允许的PS调整是去除灰尘或数码噪点,恢复原始场景的外观以及完全转换为黑白图片。不允许进行红外摄影、多次曝光、鱼眼镜头摄影等,所有作品必须看起来自然。


PSA/FIAP Nature DefinitionPSA/FIAP自然摄影的定义

Nature photography is restricted to the use of the photographic process to depict all branches of natural history, except anthropology and archeology, in such a fashion that a well-informed person will be able to identify the subject material and certify its honest presentation.

The story telling value of a photograph must be weighed more than the pictorial quality while maintaining high technical quality

Human elements shall not be present, except where those human elements are integral parts of the nature story such as nature subjects, like barn owls or storks, adapted to an environment modified by humans, or where those human elements are in situations depicting natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves.

Scientific bands, scientific tags or radio collars on wild animals are permissible.

Photographs of human created hybrid plants, cultivated plants, feral animals, domestic animals, or mounted specimens are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement.

No techniques that add, relocate, replace, or remove pictorial elements except by cropping are permitted.

Techniques that enhance the presentation of the photograph without changing the nature story or the pictorial content, or without altering the content of the original scene, are permitted including HDR, focus stacking and dodging/burning.

Techniques that remove elements added by the camera, such as dust spots, digital noise, and film scratches, are allowed.

Stitched images are not permitted.

Color images can be converted to greyscale monochrome.

Infrared images, either direct-captures or derivations, are not allowed.

Images entered in Nature sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above can have landscapes, geologic formations, weather phenomena, and extant organisms as the primary subject matter.  This includes images taken with subjects in controlled conditions, such as zoos, game farms, botanical gardens, aquariums and any enclosure where the subjects are totally dependent on man for food.

Attention is drawn to the PSA Statement on Subject Matter which applies to all sections.

自然摄影是指拍摄自然界动植物的所有活动或场景(人类学和考古学除外),作品能够让专家判断出真假,在保证高画质的同时,更着重表现对主体的记录和叙述。

画面中原则上不得包含人类元素,除非这些人类元素是自然故事密不可分的组成部分,如自然主体(谷仓猫头鹰或鹳等)正在适应人类改变的环境,或这些人类元素是自然力量(如飓风、海浪等)的参照物。

作品可以包含野生动物身上的科学领标或其他标签、无线电波追踪器等。但不得包含人为创造的杂交植物、栽培植物、野生动物、家禽家畜或已制作成的动植物标本。

作品严禁改变原始影像,除画面裁剪以外,不得添加、移位、替换或删除拍摄元素,不允许接片,不允许进行红外摄影、多次曝光、鱼眼镜头摄影等,所有作品必须看起来自然。

作品允许的后期PS范围包括:去除尘斑、数码噪点、胶片划痕、聚焦叠加、HDR、影调减淡/加深、色彩饱和度、反差对比度调整等,彩色作品可以整体转换为黑白作品。

严格遵守自然摄影定义的作品,主题表现可以是风景、地质构造、天气现象和现存动植物等,包括动物园、植物园、水族馆、游戏农场、海底世界和任何完全依赖人类食物喂养的围栏或自然保护区。


PHOTO JOURNALISM DEFINITION摄影新闻的定义

Photojournalism entries are images with informative content and emotional impact, reflecting the human presence in our world. The journalistic (story-telling) value of the image should receive priority over pictorial quality. Images that misrepresent the truth, such as those from events or activities arranged specifically for photography, or of subjects directed or hired for photography, are not eligible.

Techniques that add, relocate, replace, remove or change any element in the original scene, except by cropping, are not permitted. All images must look natural. The only allowable modifications are removal of dust, scratches or digital noise and restoration of the appearance of the existing scene, or complete conversion to greyscale monochrome. Other derivations, including infrared, are not eligible.

Attention is drawn to the PSA Statement on Subject Matter which applies to all sections

摄影新闻作品是具有丰富内容和情感影响的图像,反映了人类在我们世界中的存在。图片的新闻纪实价值(故事讲述)于图片质量。谢绝歪曲事实的作品(例如摆拍、导演、表演、造假合成和过度PS的作品投稿

PS后期除裁剪外,不允许添加、位、替换或删除原始图像的任何元素。唯一允许的PS调整是去除灰尘或数码噪点,恢复原始场景的外观以及完全转换为黑白图片。不允许进行红外摄影、多次曝光、鱼眼镜头摄影等,所有作品必须看起来自然。